laying an underwater pipeline

Laying an underwater pipeline

Source: Fraunhofer IKTS

Project period

01/01/2020 - 21/12/2023

Project type

EU project

Project status



The GW4SHM project, funded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Innovative Training Network (H2020-MSCA-ITN-2019-860104), aims at training a new generation of researchers skilled in all aspects of Structural Health Monitoring focusing on aeronautics, petrochemistry and the automotive sector.


Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung
Unter den Eichen 87
12205 Berlin



Source: BAM

The European economy's adaptability to the challenges of digitisation and production automation will be crucial for its further success. Emerging technologies such as Condition Based Maintenance (CBM), integrated health monitoring including remaining lifetime prognosis and machine learning which are in the focus of the GW4SHM’s research activities will be a key enabler for successful transformation towards Industry 4.0. The three main contributions from GW4SHM to Europe's technological progress are: increase safety, increased reliability, saving resources and energy.

Ein Pfeil in der Mitte einer Zielscheibe

Source: BAM

The overall objective of GW4SHM is to train a new generation of researchers and to turn, together with them, Structural Health Monitoring from a lab-based technology into real-world applications.

Stilisierter Programmablaufplan

Source: BAM

New concepts for improved maintenance of technical appliances will be developed based on acquired SHM data, innovative models and signal processing tools. Finite Element Modelling will be performed to model wave propagation and their interaction with damage, to perform model-assisted Probability-of-Detection-studies (MAPOD) and to develop digital twins. It is possible due to a wide range of tools available within the Consortium. From a data analysis point of view, different signal processing tools are also available and will be further developed.


Source: BAM

Consortium The GW4SHM consortium consists of 12 beneficiaries and 8 partner organisations involving universities, research organisations, government agencies and industries from 8 European Countries.
Coordination Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Funding Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Networks (MSCA-ITN) within the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme.


The novel methods developed within GW4SHM will pave the way for integrating SHM into real-world engineering structures, thereby improving the safety and reliability of European plants, transport systems and critical infrastructure.


The overall aim of GW4SHM is to turn SHM from a lab-based technology into real-world applications. To overcome current hurdles that prevent the widespread use of SHM, GW4SHM will pursue the following three objectives:

  • create efficient simulation tools to predict ultrasonic wave propagation in real-life structures made of complex materials
  • develop sophisticated signal processing algorithms to interpret the measured signals, assessing the damage, and eliminating environmental and operational influences in combination with advanced transducer integration
  • devise strategies to assess the reliability of SHM methods with respect to their standardisation and to utilise SHM data for CBM and digital twins

Technical work packages

The GW4SHM project consists of 3 technical work packages (WP) in addition to WPs on Training and Secondment, Dissemination and Communication as well as a work package on Recruitment and Management.


Key goal is to extend the different numerical methods and combine them according to their pros and cons to profit from the advantages offered by a combination of the various approaches. The WP1 aims at the development of highly efficient, easy-to-use simulation tools and numerical models for the prediction of excitation, wave propagation, and mode-flaw interaction in realistic structures for use in research and industry.

Signal processing

This WP aims towards the adaption and optimisation of signal processing algorithms as well as transducer concepts for SHM applications. The focus is on interpreting ultrasonic signals, to extract information about damage type, location and size, to suppress the environmental and operational influences and to utilise information for subsequent maintenance processes in various real-life scenarios.

Reliability and Standardisation

Key goal is to extend Probability of Detection (POD) concepts mainly by applying highly efficient simulation tools towards a framework for demonstrating the performance and reliability of SHM systems as the foundation of qualification, certification and standardisation of SHM techniques.

Project coordination

BAM Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Germany
Project coordinator: Dr.-Ing. Jens Prager, Department Non-destructive Testing,
Division Acoustic and Electromagnetic Methods


CEA-LIST - French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA-LIST), France
TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands
IKTS - Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems (IKTS), Germany
Tallinn University - Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia
Hochschule Bochum - Bochum University of Applied Sciences, Germany
ICL - Imperial College London, United Kingdom
SAFRAN - Safran Tech., France
Goethe Universität - Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
KTU - Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
UNIBO - University of Bologna, Italy
IT - Institute of Telecommunication, Portugal

Partner organisations

Airbus - Airbus Defence and Space, Germany
Guided Ultrasonics Ltd., United Kingdom
DGZfP - German Society for Non-Destructive Testing, Germany
ISQ - Instituto de Soldadura e Qualidade, Portugal
Enefit - Enefit Energiatootmine AS, Estonia
Dallara - Dallara Automobili S.p.A., Italy
Shell - Shell Global Solutions International BV, Netherlands
Ruhr Uni - Ruhr University Bochum, Germany

Job openings

We offer

  • 3-year full-time employment contract (salary depends on the country of the recruitment considering both the local and EU regulations)
  • Secondments at other labs within the GW4SHM Consortium
  • Enrolment in a local PhD school
  • Participation in the network-wide training activities, national and international conferences

Qualifications required

  • master’s degree or its equivalent
  • not more than 4 years of equivalent research experience, i.e. working as a researcher after obtaining your master’s degree
  • not been awarded a PhD title
  • not resided or carried out her/his main activity in the country to be recruited in for more than 12 months in the last 3 years
  • high level of proficiency in English (B2 or higher on the CEFR scale)

PhD Positions

ESR1 Model-assisted Design of Guided Wave-based Structural Health Monitoring Systems.
Host: Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany

ESR2 Digital Twin in Structural Health Monitoring for Aerospace using Machine Learning.
Host: CEA-List, Paris-Saclay, France

ESR3 Modelling and Data Assimilation for Pre-stresses Recovery in the Context of Structural Health Monitoring.
Host: CEA-List, Paris-Saclay, France

ESR4 Estimating the Reliability of Guided Wave SHM Systems through Modelling.
Host: Imperial College London, London, UK

ESR5 Integrated Modelling of Guided Waves Reflection from Defects in Pipes.
Host: Imperial College London, London, UK

ESR6 Ice-sensing and Ice-characterisation with Ultrasonic Guided Waves.
Host: Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

ESR7 Reliability Assessment for Guided Wave-based Monitoring of Pipeline Systems.
Host: Bochum University of Applied Sciences, Bochum, Germany

ESR8 Multi-mode Guided Wave Tomography for Metallic and Composite Materials.
Host: TNO, Hague, the Netherlands

ESR9 Efficient and Reliable Modelling of Guided Wave Propagation and Mode-defect-interaction in Anisotropic Materials.
Host: Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

ESR10 Structural Health Monitoring using multi-modal Guided Waves for Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels.
Host: Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

ESR11 Developing Guided Wave Tomography for Anisotropic Waveguides.
Host: Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

ESR12 Development of a Robust Signal Processing Approach for the Post-Processing of Guided Wave Signals for NDT and SHM of Composite Structures.
Host: Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania

ESR13 Enhancing the Remaining Useful Life of Aeronautic Composite Structure based on Structural Health Monitoring Concept.
Host: Safran Tech, Paris-Saclay, France

ESR14 Transducers and Sensor-near Signal Processing for Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Structures. Host: University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

ESR15 Damage Imaging in Guided Wave-based Inspection of Adhesive Joints.
Host: Institute of Telecommunications, Lisbon, Portugal


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska Curie grant agreement No [860104].

Horizon 2020 Logo

Source: The European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme