Every year, more than 300 million tons of dangerous goods are transported in Germany. There are a variety of types of packagings, intermediate bulk containers and large packagings used - amongst others cardboard and plastic enclosures, drums, IBCs, pressure receptacles and tanks. We examine and evaluate all packings that are suitable for the transport and storage of hazardous substances and goods. As part of the federal administration, we are also the competent authority for the approval of such enclosures. All dangerous goods packagings produced in Germany therefore bears the abbreviation BAM in its UN approval number.
In the field of research, we focus on safety-related issues such as construction characteristics, material suitability and damage mechanisms through products. In our testing facilities, we provide proof of the stresses to which dangerous goods enclosures may be exposed, including, for example, stack pressure, internal pressure and the effects of heat and fire in accident scenarios. For fall tests, the world's largest drop test facility with drop heights of up to 30 meters is available on our test site BAM TTS.
From the results of our research, we derive measures for the safe transport and storage of hazardous substances and goods. We support the Federal Government in the implementation and updating of dangerous goods legislation, help with the development of standards at national and international level and provide the United Nations (UN) with our knowledge in formulating regulations.
For manufacturers and users of dangerous goods enclosures, we offer regular information events and provide information on the transport of dangerous goods, e.g. via the TES website and through the Dangerous Goods database as part of the hazardous materials/dangerous goods information system of the Federal Republic of Germany. Data and IT applications from this database are used by authorities and companies in the legally compliant planning, execution and monitoring of dangerous goods transports.