Safety is a term with many facets: safe production of nanomaterials, safe handling of nanomaterials, safe detection of nanomaterials, safety from exposure to nanomaterials and safety in case of incidents or accidents involving nanomaterials. BAM is part of a network of Federal Authorities (BAuA, BfR, PTB, UBA). Each authority addresses a different aspect of nano safety. BAM's main focus is on experimental work and also includes tests on the release of these materials and their behaviour in the environment:
from products, combustion, abrasion, disintegration
Detection in the environment
in the air, in water, in soil, into biomaterial
agglomeration, deagglomeration, disintegration, UV influence
in water, in soil, into biomaterial.
Together with other Federal Authorities, BAM advises politicians and NGOs and carries out various approval procedures for nanomaterials. BAM addresses in particular the physico-chemical standards for measurement methods and reference materials. Long-term analytical methods, controlled sampling, reference materials and sustainable measurement procedures make a large contribution to the safety of nanomaterials.
The background paper nanoSafety (PDF, in German) provides information on these aspects:
- emissions and detection in the environment
- ageing and disposal of nanomaterials
- interaction of biology with nanomaterials