Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria

Source: BAM

Dangerous goods are transported on road, rails and waterways every day. But how can dangerous goods be transported safely. The ”Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria” regularly updated and highly appreciated by professionals in everyday life, gives an answer to this important question. The updated German translation by the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung is now available.

The publication is available in English, French and Spanish as well as Chinese, Russian and Arabic. Since it was originally not available in German, the manual was translated into German by scientists from the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) so that experts can access it in German for their work. The text has been regularly adapted by BAM since the first German edition to include amendments and additions adopted by the United Nations.

The latest German version of the manual has now been published and is available for free download in PDF format to all interested parties on the publication server of the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM):


Experts are aware of the importance of the content: substances, preparations and articles which, owing to their physical or chemical properties or state of transport, may pose a danger to public safety or order are referred to as dangerous goods with regard to transport in public areas. Such substances may be for instance toxic, corrosive, inflammable or carcinogenic, and sometimes there is also a risk of explosion.

The substances concerned are therefore classified as dangerous goods by legislation.

There is a great need for information and knowledge in this area for all those who work in this field. It has significant relevance for the safety of humans, animals as well as the protection of the environment and material goods.

In the past, the in Germany applicable Dangerous Goods Regulations for the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID), Road (ADR) and International Maritime Shipping (IMDG Code) referred to the English-language "Manual of Tests and Criteria".

The industry then reported an urgent need for a German translation, and the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing commissioned BAM in 2002 to translate the work into German so that practitioners who are subject to compliance with the relevant regulations can access it.

A team of BAM's Reactive Substances and Systems Division headed by Dr. Klaus-Dieter Wehrstedt has now translated the latest amendments to the English version into German, with particular attention to safety-related aspects.

Basic data:

Empfehlungen für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Handbuch über Prüfungen und Kriterien - 6. überarbeitete Ausgabe, New York und Genf 2015, korrigiert durch das Corrigendum vom Februar 2016. (Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Manual of Tests and Criteria. 6th Revised Edition, New York and Geneva 2015, corrected by the February 2016 corrigendum.)

This edition was made legally binding on 1 January 2017 by refering in the rules for the transport of dangerous goods by the individual modes of transport. These are as follows: ADR 2017, RID 2017 and ADN 2017 for European road, rail and inland waterway transport with a transitional period of 6 months; IMDG Code, Amendment 38-16, for maritime transport, with a one-year period of grace and ICAO-TI 2017-2018 for aviation without any transitional period.

About BAM

BAM promotes safety in technology and chemistry.
As a BMWi departmental research institute, BAM performs research, testing and offers advisory support to protect people, the environment and material goods. Its activity in the fields of materials science, materials engineering and chemistry is focussed on the technical safety of products and processes. BAM’s research is directed towards substances, materials, building elements, components and facilities as well as natural and technical systems important for the national economy and relevant to society. It also tests and assesses their safe handling and operation. BAM develops and validates analysis procedures and assessment methods, models and necessary standards and provides science-based services for the German industry in a European and international framework.

Safety creates markets.
BAM sets and represents high standards for safety in technology and chemistry for Germany and its global markets to further develop the successful German quality culture "Made in Germany“.