The Hazardous Substances Ordinance (GefStoffV) describes safety requirements for activities involving organic peroxides. Peroxides are divided into four risk groups and BAM is responsible for their assignment. It specifies and publishes which peroxide is to be classified in which risk group. In its Decision No. 01/2017/GefStoffV of 24 October 2016 (GERMAN version only), BAM has reassigned some organic peroxides to new risk groups due to new findings, and the amended protective measures resulting from the reassignments must be taken as from 1st September 2017 at the latest.
Organic peroxides are very reactive chemical compounds and are used in plastics production, in special disinfectants and cleaning agents used in the medical sector and in the food industry. Their extreme reactivity can lead to self-decomposition and subsequent fires and explosions, even due to small temperature fluctuations or minor contaminants. BAM therefore performs tests to determine possible dangers with regard to the application and storage of organic peroxides. The results are used to develop occupational health and safety measures that must be carefully applied and monitored. This mainly concerns manufacturers, distributors and users of organic peroxides, but also competent supervisory authorities.
The new list of risk group assignments can be viewed on the Technical Safety Special Portal (TES). It is also published on the website of the German Social Accident Insurance Institution for the raw materials and chemical industry (BG RCI) since the assignment of organic peroxides to risk groups must also be done according to § 3(1) of the BGV B4 Regulation.